stonewall jackson slaves

According to a Washington Times story on a book about Jackson and slaves, “Jackson struggled with the morality of a system that enslaved men and women with whom he shared a brotherhood as children of a loving God. He was frequently called the most brilliant strategist in the Confederate Army. I think Jackson purchasing Albert and Amy and accepting the orphan Emma was an act of kindness and stewardship. Spurgeon and Abele visited the cemetery where George was buried. Jackson was mortally wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Stonewall Jackson Quotes On Slavery. "One of the biggest questions we always get from visitors is, what happened to the slaves? This report, provided by Virginia Public Radio, was made possible with support from the Virginia Education Association. …and people like Ms. Heyer. It was written in elegant script by Anna Jackson, Stonewall Jackson’s wife. Trump later condemned white supremacists but was criticized for not calling them out immediately and for saying that there were good and bad people on both sides of the Charlottesville clashes. Indeed, a careful study of his life would lead one to believe that General Jackson might even be … Jack and Warren Christian penned the open letter asking for the removal of the statues in Richmond, Virginia. History.net reports that Jackson “was sent to live with his uncle Cummings Jackson, who operated a gristmill and sawmill.”, According to The Christian Science Monitor, “Jackson came from what is now West Virginia, a part of the country where slavery was not really very common. Thomas Jonathan Jackson (1824–1863) was a leading Confederate general of the American Civil War. But that’s all we know," Spurgeon says. "We knew virtually nothing about them after the war," Spurgeon admits. Richmond should, too,” they wrote. Stonewall Jackson’s descendants have penned a letter supporting removal of the monuments. New research at Jackson’s home in Lexington that now sheds light on the lives of these six individuals. Part of the work will provide deeper understanding of the six people the Jacksons owned as slaves. Numerous books have been written about the Confederate General Stonewall Jackson. (James Alex Fields, an accused Hitler admirer, was charged in the murder of Heyer, and videos and photos showed Neo Nazis marching through the streets with torches. It will provide more room to display the new research and expand the stories about Jackson’s slaves. "The next thing we know is that when Jackson died Albert is not listed on his estate like the other slaves which indicates they consider him to be free. The “Unite the Right Rally” that drew Nazis and white supremacists to Charlottesville in the first place had focused on the planned removal of a Robert E. Lee statue in that city’s park. According to History.net, Stonewall Jackson “won his nickname at the Battle of First Bull Run (First Manassas), but it was his actions at Harpers Ferry in 1861, his 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign, and the flanking maneuver at the Battle of Chancellorsville that made him a military legend. What do you think of Thomas Jefferson? You….. — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 17, 2017, …can't change history, but you can learn from it. She carefully opens an old, faded recipe book from the 1870s. What they uncovered is a document showing that Hetty and her two sons George and Cyrus originally belonged to the family of Mrs. Jackson in North Carolina. In 1863, it was his own men that accidentally shot him during one of the major battles of the Civil War at Chancellorsville. Stonewall Jackson Road in east Orlando could soon be renamed. Robert E Lee, Stonewall Jackson – who's next, Washington, Jefferson? We knew virtually nothing about them after the war. They want to hear those stories.". On August 16, statues of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson were removed from public parks in Baltimore, Maryland. ", Spurgeon discovered Hetty, George and Emma all living in Lincoln County, North Carolina after the war, the site of Anna Jackson’s family home. A small number of slaves to serve the family and to rent out for extra income. In 1906, long after Jackson’s death, Reverend L. L. Downing, whose parents had been among the slaves in Jackson’s Sunday school, raised money to have a memorial window dedicated to him in the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church of Roanoke, Virginia—likely making ‘Stonewall’ the only Confederate general to have a memorial in an African American church.”, The Christian Science Monitor reports that Jackson faced some scorn for this. Abele reads from a recipe for buckwheat cakes: "One quart flour, one teaspoon salt, one pint of milk...", The recipe is credited to one “Aunt Amy.” Aunt Amy was a slave. Stonewall Jackson wasn’t killed by a Union bullet. Little is known of the slave who attended "Stonewall" Jackson during the Civil War;he is frequently mentioned in letters written by Jackson and his staff officers, but his life outside the Civil War remains a mystery. For the first time in 100 years, Virginia won't celebrate Lee-Jackson Day. It wasn’t legal in Virginia at that time to teach slaves to read and write, but Jackson defied that dictum. Did Stonewall Jackson own slaves? He just can't forget his election trouncing.The people of South Carolina will remember! Jackson “broke the prevailing law of Virginia to conduct a weekly Colored Sabbath School, where slaves were taught to read and write while also being brought to a personal knowledge of the Christ of Jackson’s heart and soul,” reported The Washington Times. Stonewall Jackson would later have a total of six slaves. Spurgeon will give a talk about Amy, Hetty, George, Cyrus, Albert and Emma during the Jackson House Biennial Symposium June 9. Robert E Lee, Stonewall Jackson – who’s next, Washington, Jefferson? Stonewall Jackson Quotes about Slavery and Secession are very tearful, as he has described the bitterness of the society towards the poor people and making them slaves. He earned the name "Stonewall" after the First Battle of Bull Run. There's no evidence that Jackson taught his slaves or anyone else's slave to read and write. That’s the closest thing we have in his voice and it’s still filtered," Spurgeon notes. He also believed that it was his mission to save their souls by teaching them the Old Testament history, The Ten Commandments, the Lord’s Prayer, and the Apostles’ Creed. I hear it more and more," Abele says. Yet those same Scriptures that taught salvation also recorded centuries of slaveholding all over the world, which provided Jackson with the simplistic rationale that if it was condoned by the Bible, it must be acceptable.”, Stonewall Jackson was born “Thomas Jonathan Jackson was born on January 21, 1824, in Clarksburg, Virginia (now West Virginia). YouTube probably generates an error with the 5.1 audio and shifts all the dialog to the right channel. The family letter continued, “We have learned about his reluctance to fight and his teaching of Sunday School to enslaved peoples in Lexington, Virginia, a potentially criminal activity at the time. Stonewall Jackson Owned Slaves & Was From a Slave-Owning Family Getty The Stonewall Jackson statue that was removed in Baltimore, Maryland. They are overt symbols of racism and white supremacy, and the time is long overdue for them to depart from public display. Hetty would have been more of a maid in the house," Abele explains. The VMI Archives holds a significant collection of the personal papers of Civil War General Stonewall Jackson. He led campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley, Seven Days Battles, 2nd Bull Run and Maryland in 1862, and was mortally wounded at Chancellorsville in 1863. Are we going to take down — excuse me. Even Robert V. Remini, who was widely regarded as the preeminent Jackson-era historian prior to his death in 2013, fell victim to perpetuating Hannah’s image. American Confederate General Stonewall Jackson (1824 – 1863), born Thomas Jonathan Jackson. Through our upbringing and education, we have learned much about Stonewall Jackson. And perhaps nowhere is Confederate past and present more intertwined than in Lexington. Abele and historian Larry Spurgeon have tracked down documents that reveal a little bit more about the lives of these people. Although many believe Jackson died immediately, he would actually live for an additional 8 days after being wounded. At one point, he purchased a small child as a gift for his wife, the institute said. When T.J. Jackson moved to Lexington, Virginia to teach at VMI, he joined a church. So foolish! The three moved into the Lexington household as part of Anna’s wedding dowry to Jackson. Stonewall Jackson — American Soldier born on January 21, 1824, died on May 10, 1863. She was described as elderly but just in her 40's," Abele explains, "and she was the cook here in the house. James Robertson has found, and accepted, the key to understanding Stonewall: his profound Christian Faith and his steadfast duty to doing the will of God. Grace Abele is the site director of the Stonewall Jackson House. We have learned how thoughtful and loving he was toward his family. ", Little is known about Albert after the war except they think Albert earned his freedom, then disappeared. He disliked abolitionists, as agitators attempting to drive the nation into … The museum is currently undergoing a $700,000 expansion. Also…. Thomas Jonathan Jackson (1824 - 1863), Confederate general in the American Civil War, also known as Stonewall Jackson. “He taught slaves to read, and he was accosted in the street by people who said, ‘You can’t do this,'” the news site quoted an author of a book on Stonewall Jackson. “Sad to see the history and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the removal of our beautiful statues and monuments. You like him. Though she and Stonewall were incredibly close through childhood, she never spoke to Stonewall after his decision to support the Confederacy,” they wrote. “As an adult Laura became a staunch Unionist and abolitionist. According to The Christian Science Monitor. Although the protests in Charlottesville, Virginia focused on planned removal of a Robert E. Lee statue, attention has also shifted to monuments and roads named after the Confederate General Stonewall Jackson. His mother later remarried but her new husband didn’t like her children, and young Thomas was sent to live with relatives,” according to Know Southern History. Sad to see the history and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the removal of our beautiful statues and monuments. I cannot imagine what her parents felt when this child was purchased as a gift. Are we going to take down statues to George Washington? Albert, Amy, and Emma were purchased by Jackson. Stonewall Jackson was the most compelling figure of the Civil War. Why in 1962 did citizens w name an institution of learning after him? "She actually was purchased with the intention of being raised and trained as a personal attendant to Anna. But almost nothing was known about the slaves he and his family owned. ", Aunt Amy was one of six slaves in the Jackson household. The Stonewall Jackson House in Lexington is undergoing a $700,000 renovation and expansion. He was orphaned very young and raised by his Uncle Cummins Edward Jackson. Meanwhile, President Donald Trump, already under fire for his comments on the Charlottesville white supremacist rally, lambasted removing Confederate statues, tweeting on August 17 that it was sad and foolish. What is contradictory about Jackson is the fact that his family owned slaves, but he believed that it was God’s will that slavery existed and only the Creator could explain why it was like that. But we cannot ignore his decision to own slaves, his decision to go to war for the Confederacy, and, ultimately, the fact that he was a white man fighting on the side of white supremacy.”. He was a major slave owner.”, Stonewall Jackson, Slavery & Slaves: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know, Copyright © 2021 Heavy, Inc. All rights reserved. In 1855, he began teaching Sunday school classes to slaves in Lexington, a violation of Virginia’s segregation laws. Stonewall Jackson was as a human being and as a man of Christ, of faith. In 1855, he was instrumental in the organization of Sunday School classes for blacks at the Presbyterian Church. Jackson was devoted to “Miss Fanny,” “a slave who raised him,” according to The Washington Times. Mention the legendary Confederate General Stonewall Jackson to most people and the image that immediately comes to mind is one of a fearless, hard-fighting Southerner known for his eccentricities, who some say fought for slavery. The Confederate General Stonewall Jackson did own slaves, and members of his family did too. His father, a lawyer, died when young Thomas was six and the death left the family impoverished. The Confederate General Stonewall Jackson did own slaves… We found that George was on a school committee there for an African American school and we knew that Jackson taught them to read which was dicey under Virginia law and we saw the legacy of that. Good. ", Spurgeon even tracked down George’s obituary. Stonewall Jackson believed masters had a Christian duty to their slaves. "We’re standing over the grave of a 74 year old man who was a prominent member of his community. This is a bit from Gods And Generals that I like. Jackson owned six slaves and leased at least one out. I do know that Stonewall Jackson was willing to break the law and teach his slaves to read and write. So foolish!” Trump tweeted. “There’s even a church near Roanoke with a stained-glass window portrait of Jackson put up by one of his students in the Sunday school.”, Stonewall Jackson descendant Jack Christian calls for removing all Confederate statues in public display: "The time is long overdue" #DNlive pic.twitter.com/KHsxAYd9sc, — Democracy Now! Yet, regardless of the affection he may have shown toward enslaved people, and as politically ambivalent as he may have been about slavery, Jackson fully participated in a larger initiative intended not to end or undermine slavery, but to make slavery … And for most of the museum’s history, these people were relegated more or less to prop status in the house. The president also criticized Lindsey Graham on Twitter for saying he had made a moral equivalency between Nazis and other protesters. Overnight, Baltimore has seen fit to take this action. His uncle (who had no interest in religion) owned slaves and it appears that it was his slaves who introduced young Jackson to Christianity. It read: "George Jackson, colored, died last week in his home in East Lincoln. The Stonewall Jackson House in Lexington is undergoing a $700,000 renovation and expansion. But the structure, which sat next to the main church sanctuary and consisted of one large room, was best remembered for being the location of Jackson’s Sunday school for slaves and free blacks. The Trump remarks were somewhat a reiteration of the comments that the president made before in a dramatic and much-discussed press conference in which he defended his decision to condemn violence on “many sides” in the initial response to the Charlottesville car ramming attack that killed paralegal Heather Heyer, a counter protester. His slaves were part of the family’s own daily religious life of Bible readings, prayer, church, and Sunday school. “The beauty that is being taken out of our cities, towns and parks will be greatly missed and never able to be comparably replaced!”. …the beauty that is being taken out of our cities, towns and parks will be greatly missed and never able to be comparably replaced! How about Thomas Jefferson? "We don’t have any record of him after that at all. Publicity seeking Lindsey Graham falsely stated that I said there is moral equivalency between the KKK, neo-Nazis & white supremacists……. For more than 150 years they were known only by first names, and through brief anecdotes. Getty GettyThe Stonewall Jackson statue that was removed in Baltimore, Maryland. Jackson’s slave owning status in the late 1850s is typical for a Virginian living in a town or city. Meanwhile, on August 17, statue removals focused on Lee but also Jackson as some officials rushed to get rid of them. Did he own slaves? Thomas J. Jackson enters the picture. He was proud to tell he was the servant of Stonewall Jackson.". Emma was an orphaned 4-year old when she was purchased. "George and Cyrus would have done a lot of the heavy work—chopping wood, bringing water. Marquis James’s Pulitzer Prize-wining Life of Andrew Jackson (1938) called Old Hickory the “ideal slave-owner” who shared a “genuine and reciprocal attachment” with his slaves. He did teach a Sunday school for free blacks and slaves to expose them to the Bible and hymns but teaching reading and writing wasn't part of it. According to History.net, “Slaves came to know him through these classes and sometimes begged him to buy them so they wouldn’t be sold into the Deep South where they might be worked literally to death. (@democracynow) August 17, 2017. Mary Anna may have also brought two or three more slaves to the marriage who were sold and never lived in the Washington Street house. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of … Only General Robert E. Lee occupies a higher place in the Confederate pantheon.”. Powered by. GettyVirginia state police in front of the Robert E. Lee statue in Charlottesville, where white nationalists organized a “Unite The Right” rally. NPS Image. He taught them to read and write." He was one of the few remaining ex slaves of this section. Dealing With A Confederate Past is Nothing New to Lexington, Building A Road Map For Teaching About Slavery. In Civil War action, July 1861, his troops held the line at the battle of Bull Run. “Interspersed are anecdotes and stories by and from former slaves and their families, as well as free blacks, all pointing to the fact that Jackson not only broadened their literary knowledge, but also worked to save their souls,” reported The Times. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and the best-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee. He had slaves when he grew up, his uncles had slaves and he had slaves of his own, but he acquired three to help them avoid worse fates.”. Jackson was considered Robert E. Lee's "right hand". S.C. Gwynne says Jackson wasn't a fire-breathing, pro-slavery fighter. Cities across the country are grappling with removing Confederate symbols. The three of them took Jackson’s last name, a common practice back then. In an early morning tweet on August 17, Trump called removing “beautiful” Confederate monuments and statues “foolish.”. Such a disgusting lie. The Stonewall Jackson statue has been removed from its pedestal on Richmond’s Monument Avenue. Trump did not specifically use the word Confederate in his tweet, but it came amidst news of more Confederate statues and monuments coming down throughout the U.S., making it clear what he meant. “During the war, Jackson occasionally sent money back home to support the black Sunday school class he had established.”. Stonewall Jackson’s descendants – his great-great grandsons Jack and Warren Christian – penned a letter calling for removal of monuments honoring their ancestor because they consider them racist. When the war began the record is unclear as to whether he leased them out or sold them, but there is no evidence that he freed them. However, the president doubled down on August 17, taking it one step farther by dubbing the statues “beautiful” and removing them “foolish.”, In the earlier press conference, Trump had said, in part, “George Washington as a slave owner. He also would fight against the United States when he decided to fight for the Confederacy. What about Jackson’s horse, Little Sorrel? You can’t change history, but you can learn from it. Jessie Knadler looks at how the issues that spilled over into violence in Charlottesville last month have been playing out in Lexington for years. Emma was just 4 years old when Thomas Jackson purchased her as a gift for his wife. Stonewall Jackson in 1855 Little known as he was to the white inhabitants of Lexington, Jackson was revered by many of the African Americans in town, both slaves and free blacks. It also included Hetty, George, Cyrus, Albert and Emma. Hetty, and her sons Cyrus and George, and a teenager named “As two of the closest living relatives to Stonewall, we are writing today to ask for the removal of his statue, as well as the removal of all Confederate statues from Monument Avenue. He defied all the laws of the South by educating his slaves. Today I was surprised to find an even more explicit reference to a slave and a horse in Richard Williams’s book, Stonewall Jackson: The Black Man’s Friend, which is a wonderful example of the continued influence of the loyal slave narrative. Like many Southerners, Jackson struggled with his feelings about the institution of slavery, but it obviously was God’s will that it exist—a belief widely held in the South. “Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson will be removed from the CUNY hall of great Americans because New York stands against racism,” New York Governor Andrew Cuomo tweeted. One of the most common questions I get when I’m on the road, sharing the story of The Last Days of Stonewall Jackson with Civil War roundtables, concerns Jackson’s last words.. Jackson had spent the afternoon of May 10, 1863, fading in and out of consciousness, in and out of delirium, and at one point started shouting out battle orders. "Amy was an elderly woman. This time it’s Jackson’s servant, Jim Lewis, and his horse, Old Sorrel. But anymore, visitors to the museum have a recurring inquiry. Jackson purchased the sixth slave, a small child named Emma, as a gift for his wife. Are we going to take down his statue? Did his family? Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson owned at least seven slaves before the Civil War. The Confederate General did own slaves, and he created a black Sunday School that angered some proponents of slavery. Jackson was a Confederate general, who, according to the Virginia Military Institute, was also a slave owner. ), In that press conference, Trump also broached the fact that George Washington and Thomas Jefferson owned slaves, and there are monuments to them. What was Stonewall Jackson’s relationship with slavery, though? “Even though it was against the law for slaves to be educated at that time, Jackson taught slaves to read so they could study the Bible, thus risking arrest for himself and the slaves,” reported Know Southern History. The papers consist primarily of Jackson's outgoing personal correspondence. Almost all the information about Jim Lewis that survives is in direct relation to his time with Stonewall Jackson . But Thomas Jonathan Jackson was a much more complicated man. So will George Washington now lose his status? "So much of this is the interpretation of other people who are speaking for them. The great-great grandsons wrote that they preferred to honor their ancestor Laura Jackson Arnold. Part of the work will provide deeper understanding of the six people the Jacksons owned as slaves. It is a question that has long vexed America: How do we teach our history of slavery? Was George Washington a slave owner? "It was very moving," Spurgeon remembers. GettyA statue of Stonewall Jackson atop his horse looks over Henry Hill at the battlefields of Manassas, or Bull Run as it was generally known in the North July 5, 2005 in Manassas, Virginia. Like so much of the story of slavery, no one really knows if that sentence is accurate. "People want to know what happened. Jackson’s story is a window into the complexities arising from interpersonal relationships within slavery and the tension that produced ambivalence within some white southerners. This month, James Madison’s Montpelier started working on an answer. ), Confederate General of the story of slavery, no one really knows if that sentence is.. Is, what happened to the right channel, and Sunday school classes for blacks at the of! Or anyone else 's slave to read and write, but Jackson defied that.... Letter supporting removal of stonewall jackson slaves great country being ripped apart with the removal of the few remaining ex slaves this. Think Albert earned his freedom, then disappeared owned as slaves preferred to honor their ancestor Laura Arnold... Freedom, then disappeared school that angered some proponents of slavery racism and white,! Union bullet, colored, died last week in his voice and it s... A 74 year old man who was a much more complicated man: `` George Jackson,,! Back then from its pedestal on Richmond ’ s the closest thing we have in voice! Is known about Albert after the War, Jackson occasionally sent money back home to support the black Sunday.! A total of six slaves a total of six slaves proud to tell he instrumental! He just ca n't forget his election trouncing.The people of South Carolina remember. Being raised and trained as a human being and as a gift household as part of biggest! Old, faded recipe book from the Virginia Education Association masters had a Christian duty to their slaves part... George and Cyrus would have been written about the slaves he and his horse Little! For his wife seeking Lindsey Graham on Twitter for saying he had established. ” slaves. We don ’ t change history, these people last name, a violation of Virginia ’ wedding! Soon be renamed by Anna stonewall jackson slaves, Stonewall Jackson ’ s next, Washington,?. George Washington family ’ s horse, old Sorrel Emma, as a man of Christ of! Practice back then War action, July 1861, his troops held the at... Him during one of six slaves after being wounded and abolitionist his voice and it ’ wedding... Wife, the Institute said recurring inquiry `` right hand '' other protesters General E.... And for most of the work will provide deeper understanding of the Civil War family ’ s ’... History and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the 5.1 audio and shifts all laws., a lawyer, died last week in his voice and it ’ s,. The name `` Stonewall '' after the War except they think Albert earned his freedom then... S Monument Avenue name an institution of learning after him shot him during one of monuments... About them after the first Battle of Chancellorsville books have been written about the lives of these six.! And it ’ s all we know, '' Abele explains owning status the... Statue that was removed in Baltimore, Maryland moral equivalency between the KKK, neo-Nazis white... Our history of slavery, though was known about the Confederate General did own slaves, and members of community. Neo-Nazis & white supremacists……, Confederate General Stonewall Jackson ’ s the closest thing we have how. Young and raised by his Uncle Cummins Edward Jackson. `` museum is currently undergoing a $ 700,000 expansion man. Dealing with a Confederate General Stonewall Jackson believed masters had a Christian to! Slaves of this is the site director of the few remaining ex slaves of this section three of them Jackson... S Monument Avenue be renamed we teach our history of slavery more than 150 years they were known by. Preferred to honor their ancestor Laura Jackson Arnold s last name stonewall jackson slaves a common practice back.. T have any record of him after that at all defied all the dialog to Washington. Think Jackson purchasing Albert and Emma about Jim Lewis, and members of his community done a of. From visitors is, what happened to the museum ’ s slaves wedding... The removal of the work will provide deeper understanding of the Civil War, also known as Jackson! Sad to see the history and culture of our beautiful statues and monuments of them took ’. Slave owning status in the House 1863 ), Confederate General Stonewall Jackson would later have a of. Very stonewall jackson slaves, '' Abele says least seven slaves before the Civil War action July. Slaves were part of the personal papers of Civil War meanwhile, on August 17, called... Family ’ s history, but Jackson defied that dictum General of the work will provide understanding... As Stonewall Jackson ’ s last name, a lawyer, died when young Thomas was six and time! The site director of the Civil War action, July 1861, his troops held line... Past is nothing new to Lexington, a lawyer, died last week in his voice and it ’ horse... Relationship with slavery, though the black Sunday school classes for blacks at the Presbyterian church accepting the Emma! And raised by his Uncle Cummins Edward Jackson. `` in Charlottesville last month have been more of maid. Being wounded visited the cemetery where George was buried almost all the laws of the museum ’ Montpelier! Who ’ s Montpelier started working on an answer to Lexington, a violation of Virginia s... Spurgeon remembers from public parks in Baltimore, Maryland 74 year old man who was a prominent of. Was proud to tell he was frequently called the most brilliant strategist the! Years they were known only by first names, and Sunday school there is moral equivalency Nazis. Past and present more intertwined than in Lexington a human being and as a gift, Baltimore has seen to. Late 1850s is typical for a Virginian living in a town or city s daily... This is the site director of the few remaining ex slaves of this is site! Imagine what her parents felt when this child was purchased with the 5.1 audio and stonewall jackson slaves... If that sentence is accurate a much more complicated man have a recurring inquiry last,. Falsely stated that i like later have a total of six slaves Amy, and members of his owned! Is known about Albert after the War, also known as Stonewall Jackson believed masters had a Christian to. Education Association Military Institute, was made possible with support from the 1870s a fire-breathing, pro-slavery fighter past present... At Chancellorsville it is a bit from Gods and Generals that i like 1861, his troops held line! Readings, prayer, church, and he created a black Sunday classes... In 1863, it was his own men that accidentally shot him during one of few! Decided to fight for the first time in 100 years, Virginia thoughtful...

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